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Editing Resources

Creating a Resource

To create a new resources, use this route:

HTTP POST to http://host/v2/resources

The body of the request is a JSON-LD document in the complex API schema, specifying the type,rdfs:label, and its Knora resource properties and their values. The representation of the resource is the same as when it is returned in a GET request, except that its knora-api:attachedToUser is not given, and the resource IRI and those of its values can be optionally specified. The format of the values submitted is described in Editing Values. If there are multiple values for a property, these must be given in an array.

For example, here is a request to create a resource with various value types:

{
  "@type" : "anything:Thing",
  "anything:hasBoolean" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:BooleanValue",
    "knora-api:booleanValueAsBoolean" : true
  },
  "anything:hasColor" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:ColorValue",
    "knora-api:colorValueAsColor" : "#ff3333"
  },
  "anything:hasDate" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:DateValue",
    "knora-api:dateValueHasCalendar" : "GREGORIAN",
    "knora-api:dateValueHasEndEra" : "CE",
    "knora-api:dateValueHasEndYear" : 1489,
    "knora-api:dateValueHasStartEra" : "CE",
    "knora-api:dateValueHasStartYear" : 1489
  },
  "anything:hasDecimal" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:DecimalValue",
    "knora-api:decimalValueAsDecimal" : {
      "@type" : "xsd:decimal",
      "@value" : "100000000000000.000000000000001"
    }
  },
  "anything:hasGeometry" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:GeomValue",
    "knora-api:geometryValueAsGeometry" : "{\"status\":\"active\",\"lineColor\":\"#ff3333\",\"lineWidth\":2,\"points\":[{\"x\":0.08098591549295775,\"y\":0.16741071428571427},{\"x\":0.7394366197183099,\"y\":0.7299107142857143}],\"type\":\"rectangle\",\"original_index\":0}"
  },
  "anything:hasGeoname" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:GeonameValue",
    "knora-api:geonameValueAsGeonameCode" : "2661604"
  },
  "anything:hasInteger" : [ {
    "@type" : "knora-api:IntValue",
    "knora-api:hasPermissions" : "CR knora-admin:Creator|V http://rdfh.ch/groups/0001/thing-searcher",
    "knora-api:intValueAsInt" : 5,
    "knora-api:valueHasComment" : "this is the number five"
  }, {
    "@type" : "knora-api:IntValue",
    "knora-api:intValueAsInt" : 6
  } ],
  "anything:hasInterval" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:IntervalValue",
    "knora-api:intervalValueHasEnd" : {
      "@type" : "xsd:decimal",
      "@value" : "3.4"
    },
    "knora-api:intervalValueHasStart" : {
      "@type" : "xsd:decimal",
      "@value" : "1.2"
    }
  },
  "anything:hasListItem" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:ListValue",
    "knora-api:listValueAsListNode" : {
      "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/lists/0001/treeList03"
    }
  },
  "anything:hasOtherThingValue" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:LinkValue",
    "knora-api:linkValueHasTargetIri" : {
      "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/0001/a-thing"
    }
  },
  "anything:hasRichtext" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:TextValue",
    "knora-api:textValueAsXml" : "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>\n<text><p><strong>this is</strong> text</p> with standoff</text>",
    "knora-api:textValueHasMapping" : {
      "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/standoff/mappings/StandardMapping"
    }
  },
  "anything:hasText" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:TextValue",
    "knora-api:valueAsString" : "this is text without standoff"
  },
  "anything:hasUri" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:UriValue",
    "knora-api:uriValueAsUri" : {
      "@type" : "xsd:anyURI",
      "@value" : "https://www.knora.org"
    }
  },
  "knora-api:attachedToProject" : {
    "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/projects/0001"
  },
  "rdfs:label" : "test thing",
  "@context" : {
    "rdf" : "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#",
    "knora-api" : "http://api.knora.org/ontology/knora-api/v2#",
    "rdfs" : "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#",
    "xsd" : "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#",
    "anything" : "http://0.0.0.0:3333/ontology/0001/anything/v2#"
  }
}

Permissions for the new resource can be given by adding knora-api:hasPermissions, a custom creation date can be specified by adding knora-api:creationDate (an xsd:dateTimeStamp), and the resource's creator can be specfied by adding knora-api:attachedToUser. For example:

{
  "@type" : "anything:Thing",
  "anything:hasBoolean" : {
    "@type" : "knora-api:BooleanValue",
    "knora-api:booleanValueAsBoolean" : true
  },
  "knora-api:attachedToProject" : {
    "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/projects/0001"
  },
  "knora-api:attachedToUser" : {
    "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/users/9XBCrDV3SRa7kS1WwynB4Q"
  },
  "rdfs:label" : "test thing",
  "knora-api:hasPermissions" : "CR knora-admin:Creator|V http://rdfh.ch/groups/0001/thing-searcher",
  "knora-api:creationDate" : {
    "@type" : "xsd:dateTimeStamp",
    "@value" : "2019-01-09T15:45:54.502951Z"
  },
  "@context" : {
    "rdf" : "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#",
    "knora-api" : "http://api.knora.org/ontology/knora-api/v2#",
    "rdfs" : "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#",
    "xsd" : "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#",
    "anything" : "http://0.0.0.0:3333/ontology/0001/anything/v2#"
  }
}

The format of the object of knora-api:hasPermissions is described in Permissions.

If permissions are not given, configurable default permissions are used (see Default Object Access Permissions).

To create a resource, the user must have permission to create resources of that class in that project.

The predicate knora-api:attachedToUser can be used to specify a creator other than the requesting user only if the requesting user is an administrator of the project or a system administrator. The specified creator must also have permission to create resources of that class in that project.

In addition to the creation date, in the body of the request, it is possible to specify a custom IRI (of Knora IRI form) for a resource through the @id attribute which will then be assigned to the resource; otherwise the resource will get a unique random IRI.

A custom resource IRI must be http://rdfh.ch/PROJECT_SHORTCODE/ (where PROJECT_SHORTCODE is the shortcode of the project that the resource belongs to), plus a custom ID string.

Similarly, it is possible to assign a custom IRI to the values using their @id attributes; if not given, random IRIs will be assigned to the values.

A custom value IRI must be the IRI of the containing resource, followed by a /values/ and a custom ID string.

An optional custom UUID of a value can also be given by adding knora-api:valueHasUUID. Each custom UUID must be base64url-encoded, without padding. Each value of the new resource can also have a custom creation date specified by adding knora-api:creationDate (an xsd:dateTimeStamp). For example:

{
   "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/0001/a-custom-thing",
   "@type" : "anything:Thing",
   "knora-api:attachedToProject" : {
     "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/projects/0001"
   },
   "anything:hasInteger" : {
       "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/0001/a-custom-thing/values/int-value-IRI",
       "@type" : "knora-api:IntValue",
       "knora-api:intValueAsInt" : 10,
       "knora-api:valueHasUUID" : "IN4R19yYR0ygi3K2VEHpUQ",
       "knora-api:creationDate" : {
               "@type" : "xsd:dateTimeStamp",
               "@value" : "2020-06-04T12:58:54.502951Z"
       }
   },
   "rdfs:label" : "test thing with custom IRI",
   "knora-api:creationDate" : {
     "@type" : "xsd:dateTimeStamp",
     "@value" : "2019-01-09T15:45:54.502951Z"
   },
   "@context" : {
     "rdf" : "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#",
     "knora-api" : "http://api.knora.org/ontology/knora-api/v2#",
     "rdfs" : "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#",
     "xsd" : "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#",
     "anything" : "http://0.0.0.0:3333/ontology/0001/anything/v2#"
  }
}

The response is a JSON-LD document containing a preview of the resource.

Modifying a Resource's Values

See Editing Values.

Modifying a Resource's Metadata

You can modify the following metadata attached to a resource:

  • label
  • permissions
  • last modification date

To do this, use this route:

HTTP PUT to http://host/v2/resources

The request body is a JSON-LD object containing the following information about the resource:

  • @id: the resource's IRI
  • @type: the resource's class IRI
  • knora-api:lastModificationDate: an xsd:dateTimeStamp representing the last modification date that is currently attached to the resource, if any. This is used to make sure that the resource has not been modified by someone else since you last read it.

The submitted JSON-LD object must also contain one or more of the following predicates, representing the metadata you want to change:

  • rdfs:label: a string
  • knora-api:hasPermissions, in the format described in Permissions
  • knora-api:newModificationDate: an xsd:dateTimeStamp.

Here is an example:

{
  "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/0001/a-thing",
  "@type" : "anything:Thing",
  "rdfs:label" : "this is the new label",
  "knora-api:hasPermissions" : "CR knora-admin:Creator|M knora-admin:ProjectMember|V knora-admin:ProjectMember",
  "knora-api:lastModificationDate" : {
    "@type" : "xsd:dateTimeStamp",
    "@value" : "2017-11-20T15:55:17Z"
  }
  "knora-api:newModificationDate" : {
    "@type" : "xsd:dateTimeStamp",
    "@value" : "2018-12-21T16:56:18Z"
  },
  "@context" : {
    "rdf" : "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#",
    "knora-api" : "http://api.knora.org/ontology/knora-api/v2#",
    "rdfs" : "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#",
    "xsd" : "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#",
    "anything" : "http://0.0.0.0:3333/ontology/0001/anything/v2#"
  }
}

If you submit a knora-api:lastModificationDate that is different from the resource's actual last modification date, you will get an HTTP 409 (Conflict) error.

If you submit a knora-api:newModificationDate that is earlier than the resource's knora-api:lastModificationDate, you will get an HTTP 400 (Bad Request) error.

A successful response is an HTTP 200 (OK) status containing a confirmation message.

Deleting a Resource

Knora does not normally delete resources; instead, it marks them as deleted, which means that they do not appear in normal query results.

To mark a resource as deleted, use this route:

HTTP POST to http://host/v2/resources/delete

The request body is a JSON-LD object containing the following information about the resource:

  • @id: the resource's IRI
  • @type: the resource's class IRI
  • knora-api:lastModificationDate: an xsd:dateTimeStamp representing the last modification date that is currently attached to the resource, if any. This is used to make sure that the resource has not been modified by someone else since you last read it.
{
  "@id" : "http://rdfh.ch/0001/a-thing",
  "@type" : "anything:Thing",
  "knora-api:lastModificationDate" : {
    "@type" : "xsd:dateTimeStamp",
    "@value" : "2019-02-05T17:05:35.776747Z"
  },
  "knora-api:deleteComment" : "This resource was created by mistake.",
  "@context" : {
    "rdf" : "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#",
    "knora-api" : "http://api.knora.org/ontology/knora-api/v2#",
    "rdfs" : "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#",
    "xsd" : "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#",
    "anything" : "http://0.0.0.0:3333/ontology/0001/anything/v2#"
  }
}

The optional property knora-api:deleteComment specifies a comment to be attached to the resource, explaining why it has been marked as deleted.

The optional property knora-api:deleteDate (an xsd:dateTimeStamp) indicates when the resource was marked as deleted; if not given, the current time is used.

The response is a JSON-LD document containing the predicate knora-api:result with a confirmation message.

If resource A has a link to resource B, and resource B is later marked as deleted, A's link will still exist. Knora API v2 will still return the link when A is queried, but without any information about B (except for B's IRI). If A's link is necessary to meet the requirements of a cardinality, marking B as deleted will not violate the cardinality.

The reason for this design is that A and B might be in different projects, and each project must retain control of its resources and be able to mark them as deleted, even if they are used by another project. In future, Knora may be able to notify the owner of A in this case.

Erasing a Resource from the Triplestore

Normally, resources are not actually removed from the triplestore; they are only marked as deleted (see Deleting a Resource). However, sometimes it is necessary to erase a resource from the triplestore. To do so, use this route:

HTTP POST to http://host/v2/resources/erase

The request body is the same as for Deleting a Resource, except that knora-api:deleteComment is not relevant and will be ignored.

To do this, a user must be a system administrator or an administrator of the project containing the resource. The user's permissions on the resource are not otherwise checked.

A resource cannot be erased if any other resource has a link to it. Any such links must first be changed or marked as deleted (see Updating a Value and Deleting a Value). Then, when the resource is erased, the deleted link values that referred to it will also be erased.

This operation cannot be undone (except by restoring the repository from a backup), so use it with care.